on all orders above $300.00

FREE Pills!


for free with every order



Less than in your
local pharmacy

Search by letter:


Enter coupon: (if you have one)

Nofiate (Fenofibrate)

Clinical insights from the Nofiate Intervention and Event Lowering in Diabetes study: a community practice perspective. Treatments with 100 muM of bezafibrate, Nofiate, and WY-14,643 resulted in 151, 149, and 145 genes altered, respectively. Additionally, clinical pharmacology, drug interactions and the effects of Nofiate and simvastatin on metabolic variables and cardiovascular risk are briefly described.

Other names for this medication:
Fenofibrate, Tricor, Antara, Antilip, Controlip, Craveril, Einecs, Fenocap, Fenofibrato, Fenogal, Fenoglide, Fenolip, Fenoratio, Fenosup, Fenox, Fibral, Fulcro, Lexemin, Lifen, Lipanthyl, Lipantil, Lipcor, Liperial, Lipicard, Lipidcare, Lipidil, Lipirex, Lipofen, Lipsin, Lofat, Lofibra, Nofiate, Normalip, Normolip, Secalip, Stanlip, Supralip, Tilene, Trigent, Triglide, Trilipix, Trolip, Versamid,

Similar Products:
Pristinex, Rinalin, Rantec, Alapren, Delix, Pediaprofen, Esertia, Cardivas, Virestat, Ibumax, Locol, Zaart, Topilex, Cozaar, Bactocin, Lansopral, Lasoprol, Ketoconazole, Tridol, Ocid, Roxitan, Dicogel, Warafin, Warin, Tritace, Spironolattone, Zaroxolyn, Zolsoma, Ambulax, Tramacip, Diazon, Lertus, Niar, Lovir, Tizanidine, Sinozol, Purbac, Omicap,

Nofiate is used together with a proper diet to reduce and treat high cholesterol and triglyceride (fat-like substances) levels in the blood. This may help prevent the development of pancreatitis (inflammation or swelling of the pancreas) caused by high levels of triglycerides in the blood.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

This product is available in the following dosage forms:

  • Tablet
  • Capsule

nofiate 200 mg is how many ml

The spectroscopic conductivity distribution of tissue can help to explain physiological and pathological status. Simple models show the general advantages of dendrites in coincidence detection. Pathogenesis of Vibrio parahaemolyticus is not clearly understood. Experimental results that confirm these three types of behavior are presented. Observations on a new astomate ciliate, Anoplophrya pheretimii from the earthworm, Pheretima posthuma (L.

nofiate 200 mg is how many ml

Maximum likelihood optimal and robust Support Vector Regression with lncosh loss function. Acute MR spectroscopy of the pediatric brain injury patient improves prognostic ability and may provide valuable information for early treatment and intervention planning. Clinical and biologic findings were correlated with expression results.

nofiate 200mg to ml

Clinical and economic burden of pneumococcal disease in older US adults. However, the exact etiology of this tumor is not fully understood. A total of 366 stores-independent and chain convenience stores, gas stations and grocery stores-were visited across 20 cities in Ontario.

nofiate 200 mg morphine

To delineate a role for reactive oxygen species (ROS) induction in adaphostin-induced apoptosis in glioblastoma cells. Advanced peri-implantitis cases with radical surgical treatment. A retrospective chart review was undertaken at Beaumont University Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. Associated with the depressed levels of microsomal heme and cytochrome P-450 is an increase of testicular microsomal heme oxygenase activity at 12-24 h.

nofiate 200 mg is how many ml

The authors propose a concept about isolation in Communicable Disease Nursing, based on the theoretical frame of reference of the experimental - humanistic model. We extend a previous classification of the plant MATH-BTB family and additionally arrange the expanded group into 5 grass-specific clades. Study concept and design were contributed by Chen, Wade, and De.

nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml

A recent study suggested that the substitution of amino acid 415 of HCV NS5B from phenylalanine to tyrosine in patients with HCV genotype 1a infection is induced by ribavirin and responsible for resistance to ribavirin therapy. By means of a whole blood assay, the LT responses of calves were examined after vaccination with an inactivated vaccine, which consisted of glutaraldehyde-fixed bovine nasal mucosa cells persistently infected with a bovine strain of RSV (GC), a live modified bovine strain of RSV (MV), or a live temperature-sensitive mutant of a human strain of RSV (ts-l). This in turn may require reduction or even suspension of the antineoplastic treatment, with the risk of seriously worsening the patient prognosis. The human capacity to maintain an overarching control over mental states and behavior relies on multiple, distributed and dynamically interacting brain networks, in which prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays a critical role.

nofiate 200 mg morphine

Mechanisms for shaping and folding sheets of cells during development are poorly understood. As shown on cultured astrocytes from the mouse, in the presence of adenosine deaminase, 2-chloroadenosine by acting on A1-adenosine receptors potentiated the activation of phospholipase C induced by the alpha 1-adrenergic agonist, methoxamine. Complete removal of the cyst leads to excellent results and seems to preclude recurrence.

nofiate 200 mg caffeine

To describe computed tomography (CT) findings of invasive carcinoma derived from intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) of the pancreas during long-term follow-up. In addition, fibroblasts from foreskin tissue were resistant to UVA radiation as measured by lactate dehydrogenase release, suggesting that this frequently used source of cell culture does not provide the best control group for comparison with photosensitive disease states. The aim of this study was to examine the validity of the CES-D for depression in a workplace.

nofiate 200mg to ml

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of olmesartan, an antagonist for angiotensin II receptor type 1(AT1), on the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK)1/2, tissue remodeling, and pro-inflammatory signals in the right ventricle and lung of mice during the early phase of hypobaric hypoxia. The exact mechanism is unknown, but it is probably due to extreme reactivity of oxyradicals that bind to some cellular components, impairing membrane permeability and function of various cell organelle. Bacterial killing in gastric juice--effect of pH and pepsin on Escherichia coli and Helicobacter pylori. p32 heterozygosity protects against age- and diet-induced obesity by increasing energy expenditure. Experimental studies have shown that alcohol has a direct toxic effect on the ectodermal and mesodermal cells of the developing embryo, particularly in the cells destined to give rise to dentofacial structures (i.e.

nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml

Differences in lipopolysaccharide-induced signaling between conventional dendritic cells and macrophages. In vitro activity and concentrations in serum, urine, prostatic secretion and adenoma tissue of ofloxacin in urological patients. It results in a long-term outcome comparable to that of traditional open surgery and is associated with low perioperative mortality and morbidity (lower wound infection rate, lower wound recurrences at trocar sites) and a shortened length of stay. The severity of osteogenesis imperfecta has a large influence on the age and sequence in the development of motor milestones.

nofiate 200 mg caffeine

Diaphyseal aclasis (multiple hereditary exostoses) occurs in the bones developed in cartilage and gives rise to cartilage-capped exostoses. In contrast to arsenite treatment, where dephosphorylated Ser142 Rasputin is recruited to stress granules, we find that, upon amino acid starvation, only the phosphorylated Ser142 form is recruited. A model of inhibitory neurotransmitter receptor clustering, is proposed, in which this process is initiated by receptor-driven activation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. The positioning differences of the laser-tattoo and the bony anatomy-based setups with respect to the marker-based setup (benchmark) were determined to evaluate their accuracy. Intravenous-CBCT improved hepatic tumor visibility in breath-hold scans only for 3 patients (2 metastases, 1 hepatocellular carcinoma).

nofiate 200 mg caffeine

Configuration of the joint recesses and the glenoid labrum are also evaluated. Thus, future investigation to assess the effects of iron administration to attenuate the effects of fibrinogenolytic envenomation with a pig model is justified. We discuss the consequences of such small-scale variation in gene flow and diversity levels for population responses to climate change. Inhibition of the methionine aminopeptidase 2 enzyme for the treatment of obesity. Results of the lymphocyte test are useful in the identification of food allergens for the elimination diet trial.

nofiate 200 mg caffeine

We used the RRK equation for the description of the basic behavior of the fragmentation reactions and for the estimation of the internal energy of the precursor ion. Substantial variations in practice exist with awareness, use, and willingness to recommend methods varying substantially. More than 57 components were resolved in the methanol extract from Adinandra nitida leaves, and five of these were identified based on their relative retention times, molecular weights and MS/MS spectra. Letrozole versus laparoscopic ovarian diathermy for ovulation induction in clomiphene-resistant women with polycystic ovary syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Association between dietary patterns and anaemia in adults from Jiangsu Province in Eastern China.

nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml

The validity of TMS-EEG was examined by evaluating its relationship to standard EMG measures of LICI and the CSP in the left motor cortex in 36 and 16 subjects, respectively. Studies on the cytotoxicity of heart antibodies for pulsating rabbit and rat heart cells in tissue culture. Incidence of complications was associated with the severity of disease but not with the education process.

nofiate 200 mg morphine

The findings favorably compared with other studies, but were more robust due to the size of the cohort and breadth of urologic evaluation. Mutation analysis of functional role of amino acid residues in domain IV of elongation factor G The Lichtenstein hernioplasty for the repair of primary inguinal hernia in male patients is well established and constitutes the current gold standard.

tricor fenofibrate 48 mg

  • tricor fenofibrate micronized cap
  • fenofibrate dose in renal failure
  • nofiate 200 mg morphine
  • fenofibrate lofibra 200 mg
  • rosuvastatin and fenofibrate tablets use
  • fenofibrate side effects diarrhea
  • 160 mg fenofibrate dosage
  • fenofibrate coupon
  • fenofibrate cholesterol pill brands
  • nofiate 200 mg caffeine
  • nanocrystallized fenofibrate generic name
  • fenofibrate 145 mg prices
  • fenofibrate 200 mg obat apa piroxicam
  • atorvastatin fenofibrate dosage
  • nofiate 200 mg is how many ml
  • fenofibrate tablets usp monograph 88
  • procetofeno fenofibrate capsules
  • lipanthyl 145 mg fenofibrate medication
  • fenofibrate 134 mg capsule pictures
  • fenofibrate 160 mg cost
  • fenofibrate 160mg tab ranbaxy
  • fenofibrate 160 mg tablet ran
  • fenofibrate sandoz 67 mg red
  • fenofibrate teva 160 mg
  • fenofibrate 67 mg cholesterol egg
  • atorvastatin fenofibrate dosage amounts
  • secalip 145 mg fenofibrate side
  • rosuvastatin and fenofibrate tablets used on face
  • fenofibrate side effects in men
  • fenofibrate renal dosing for keflex
  • rosuvastatin and fenofibrate tablets side
  • fenofibrate costco membership
  • fenofibrate 145 mg precio
  • antara medication fenofibrate
  • micronized fenofibrate 134 mg
  • fenofibrate side effects nhs scotland
  • fenofibrate 135 mg dr capsules for sale
  • fenofibrate tabs 160 mg price
  • statins and fenofibrate interaction
  • nofiate 200mg to ml
  • fenofibrate teva 67 mg car
  • gemfibrozil vs fenofibrate
  • fenofibrate tab 145 mg tricor
  • fenofibrate vs fenofibric acid medication
  • fenofibrate side effects impotence define
  • fenofibrate 200 mg capsules en espanol
  • fenofibrate 135 mg
  • fenofibrate pill color
  • rosuvastatin calcium and fenofibrate tablets vs capsules
  • tricor fenofibrate dosage times
  • rosuvastatin and fenofibrate tablets
  • generic for fenofibrate 160 mg
  • fenofibrate cholesterol pill simvastatin
  • fenofibrate nano tabs 145 mg/dl
  • fenofibrate tablets cipla india
  • fenofibrate side effects impotence in women
  • fenofibrate most common side effects
  • fenofibrate lipanthyl nt 145 mg tricor
  • fenofibrate brand names in pakistan hyderabad
  • fenofibrate pill color code
  • fenofibrate cost with insurance
  • rosuvastatin calcium and fenofibrate tablets 145
  • fenofibrate side effects nhs
  • fenofibrate micronized 130 mg caffeine
  • fenofibrate tablets valeant
  • supralip 145 mg fenofibrate 200mg
  • cost of fenofibrate 54 mg daily
  • para que sirve fenofibrate 134 mg brand
  • nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml
  • smedds fenofibrate coupons
  • fenosup lidose fenofibrate coupons
  • fenofibrate renal dosing for augmentin
  • fenofibrate alternative drugs
  • lipanthyl 145 mg fenofibrate side
  • fenofibrate generic
  • fenofibrate 145 mg tablet side effects
  • tricor 145 fenofibrate treatment
  • fenofibrate tablets be crushed
  • atorvastatin 80 mg and fenofibrate
  • fenofibrate generico wrestler
  • tricor fenofibrate 48 mg
  • fenofibrate side effects ed meds
  • fenofibrate generic alternative
  • fenofibrate 145 mg teva
  • 160 mg fenofibrate dosage options
  • tricor fenofibrate generic name

nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml

Since some DAMPs confer tissue-specific activation of the inflammasomes, we tested the hypothesis that bone matrix components function as DAMPs for the NLRP3 inflammasome and regulate osteoclast differentiation. Association between the Prevalence of Somatic Mutations in PIK3CA Gene in Tumors and Clinical and Morphological Characteristics of Breast Cancer Patients. This trans-complementation assay has been used to study in vivo functional relationships between the TP of phi 29 and related phages.

nofiate 200mg to ml

The clinical significance of HD better improving the L-arginine/ADMA ratio (parameter of NO production) as compared to HDF needs to be determined. It seems that the strong enrichment of oxidized chromium and Mo in the passive layer, and strong enrichment of Mo and depletion of iron at the metal surface underneath the passive layer, are responsible for the outstanding corrosion resistance of orthopedic stainless steel in physiological solution.

fenofibrate 134 mg capsule pictures

cGMP-dependent protein kinase type I inhibits TAB1-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase apoptosis signaling in cardiac myocytes. Dynamic magnetic resonance imaging, including the super-early phase with bolus tracking (BT) method (to determine the optimal imaging start time), was performed by using identical parameters to obtain transverse fat-suppressed T1-weighted images of both breasts. Periodontitis was induced around corresponding teeth in 4 animals (control) which had not received levamisole. balabacensis was collected with electrocuting nets baited both with humans and macaques, but at a considerably lower density than the HLC standard. Structure-activity relationship studies of N-sulfonyl analogs of cocaine: role of ionic interaction in cocaine binding.

fenofibrate side effects impotence define

ERCP and stent placement are the most common effective diagnostic and therapeutic methods used. Despite elevations in metabolic response markers, inflammatory markers did not change significantly after consumption of population-representative (i.e.

fenofibrate 145 mg prices

Ustilago maydis is a plant pathogen fungus responsible for corn smut. The purpose of this study was to analyze outcomes in patients who underwent knee arthrodesis following infected TKA using clinical and radiographic measurements including a patient-based outcome measuring system.

fenofibrate tabs 160 mg price

Results are discussed and compared with those of different systems already described. The mAbs were used to develop a sensitive sandwich immunoassay for the detection of ovTNF alpha. The fractal nature of myocardial blood flow emerges from a whole-organ model of arterial network.

fenofibrate most common side effects

A simple method to inset and position polyurethane-covered breast implants. A 36-year-old man ingested several products, including a topical minoxidil solution. The objective of this study is to determine the reliability and clinical utility of the of the proposed CARDS classification for degenerative spondylolisthesis.

fenofibrate pill color code

Assays using dried blood samples have been in use for a number of years particularly for the diagnosis of inborn errors of metabolism. An eIF2alpha kinase, PERK was responsible for eIF2alpha phosphorylation and PERK knockdown induced cellular apoptosis similar to sorafenib treatment in doxorubicin-resistant cancer cells.

fenofibrate 145 mg precio

Hypoketotic hypoglycaemia is a characteristic feature of fatty acid oxidation (FAO) defects. DA during Test 1 did not affect performance on Test 2 when it was administered immediately, but improved performance when Test 2 was given 24-hours later.

fenosup lidose fenofibrate coupons

A study was made of 28 dentulous Chinese (Singaporean) adults by using lateral skull radiographs. These findings indicate that cytokines and chemokines are related to the massive myolysis and regenerating process. Paroxetine for somatic pain associated with physical illness: a review. Colistin dosing for treatment of multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas in critically ill patients - please, be adequate!

antara medication fenofibrate

The expression of desmin and N-cadherin was much more pronounced in dilated cardiomyopathy, and both of them were arranged disorderly. The gene is 20,342 base-pairs long and contains 35 exons with a combined length of 5787 base-pairs. Influence of zinc supplementation in acute diarrhea differs by the isolated organism. AKT7 overexpression caused reduced virulence in these pathotypes. We therefore propose a standardized initial diagnostic approach to microcephaly.

lipanthyl 145 mg fenofibrate side

Linkage analysis with 14 marker systems revealed close linkage between this Marner cataract locus (CAM) and the locus of Haptoglobin (HP) on chromosome 16. We then combined the output of all assemblies into a large super-set of sequences. Dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase (DDAH) regulates trophoblast invasion and motility through effects on nitric oxide. Taken together with previously reported cases, these data support a single mechanism of sequential nondisjunction during either maternal or paternal gametogenesis as the cause of higher order sex chromosome polysomy.

160 mg fenofibrate dosage

Sea urchin early and late H4 histone genes bind a specific transcription factor in a stable preinitiation complex. These rats exhibited a marked increase in basal corticosterone concentrations and a normal response to ether stress. The only history of mental health nursing in Britain published to date gives a minor role to insulin coma therapy and emphasizes nursing opposition to it.

fenofibrate alternative drugs

Experimental adsorption rates in batch stirred vessels under a variety of operating conditions were described successfully by the parallel pore and surface diffusion model taking into account external mass transfer and nonlinear Toth isotherm. Gastrin and MMP-7 siRNAs and MMP-7 neutralising antibody significantly reduced upregulation of HB-EGF shedding in H pylori infected gastric cell lines and reduced EMT gene expression. Among the different types of IT, sublingual IT is the most frequently performed means of IT by ENT doctors. Both males and females also exhibited plasticity in their provisioning behavior.

fenofibrate 135 mg

Cardiac function was assessed by echocardiography 2 and 21 days after surgery, respectively. Although there was little variance in the pre-treatment scores, with most patients showing very high or perfect scores on decision-making abilities, a multivariate regression model showed that delirium was predictive of a lower reasoning score at Day 30 post-transplantation. Due to its immunosuppressive effect, an increased risk of infection has been suggested, but so far no differences between adalimumab and placebo groups have been found in pivotal trials. The objectivated rate of responsiveness in patients with colorectal carcinoma was 61.5 percent. Observational studies have shown an inverse relationship between consumption of fruits and vegetables high in beta-carotene, vitamins C and E, and ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke.

fenofibrate tab 145 mg tricor

Parents discussed the role of health professionals in obesity prevention. This increased protein output may be a non-specific response in the early stages of acute diarrhoea.

fenofibrate costco membership

S pneumoniae is the most common causative organism and resolves without parenteral antibiotics in the vast majority of cases. Subjects with severe psoriasis requiring systemic therapy were recruited according to inclusion/exclusion criteria. The influence of selected preoperative factors on the course of endoscopic surgery in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Second, profiles of single or multiple samples were theoretically averaged to test for statistically significant clustering in order to determine the minimal number of samples to be pooled to achieve representativity. The experience with the currently the only BDS for endoscopic placement, made of Poly-dioxanone, have shown promising results.

fenofibrate lipanthyl nt 145 mg tricor

Analgesic effects were evaluated in patients who received sublingual administration of buprenorphine (0.2mg ampule for injection) as programmed every 8 hours for 3 days following upper abdominal surgery. Sensitive inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry assay for the determination of platinum originating from cisplatin, carboplatin, and oxaliplatin in human plasma ultrafiltrate. In order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed solution we experimented with two synthetic network and one real network data from the literature. Mechanisms of emergence of such situations are shown for viruses with high genome changeability (pandemic influenza viruses, hepatitis C virus, arboviruses). Two functionally redundant Kap95- and Srp1-dependent NLSs were identified in Mbp1 between amino acids 27-30 and 166-181.

smedds fenofibrate coupons

Successful salvage therapy with cladribine and rituximab for a patient with a relapsed Asian variant of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma Activation of the chicken Ig-beta locus by the collaboration of scattered regulatory regions through changes in chromatin structure. In this study, electrocautery division of the thyroid isthmus during tracheostomy is faster and as safe as other techniques with respect to blood loss, perioperative complications, and airway outcome. Effect of EDTA on the distribution pattern of acetate-14C in rats.

nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml

The distribution of actin and patterns of adhesion observed were typical for motile cells. The molecular mechanisms maintaining the kidney glomerular filtration barrier remain poorly understood. Adjusted LR formulae, incorporating the coancestry coefficient F(ST), are presented here for various two-person relationships, and the issue of mutations in parentage testing is also addressed.

 Show Hide 
fenofibrate 160 mg cost 2014-05-02

In AKR-2B and NIH 3T3 cells, only junB was induced by TGF beta, evidently in a protein synthesis-independent fashion. Although abnormal serologic findings and systemic manifestations quieted with corticosteroid therapy, the retinopathy in the left eye progressed. diclofenac sod ec reviews In epidermal cells, the length was slightly decreased and the width increased by Un-P treatment, indicating inhibition of elongation growth.

fenofibrate side effects nhs scotland 2014-09-07

These results indicate that this high resolution in situ hybridization approach is a powerful tool by which to investigate the association of mRNA with the cytoskeleton. This puts PAP activity forward as a new suitable target against EGFR-driven malignancy. Recent progress towards the elucidation of the three-dimensional structure of the losartan/hctz 100/12.5 mg tablets look like extracellular domain of the IGF-1R represents an opportunity for the rational assembly of small molecule antagonists of receptor function for clinical use.

nofiate 200 mg equals how many ml 2016-04-15

Application of epirubicin containing albumin microspheres in the experimental therapy of breast cancer. Epidemiologic data on the Schistosoma heamatobium complex in South Saharan Africa Structural visualization was implemented on catheter management education for peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients requiring expert nursing. We show that sporidex 500 mg tylenol the coupling between speciations and compositional shifts inherent to branchwise models may lead to an overparameterization, resulting in a lesser fit.

atorvastatin fenofibrate dosage amounts 2018-08-14

Prior mutational and structural studies suggested that a beta hairpin structure located in the exonuclease domain of family B polymerases might play an important role in active site switching in the event of a nucleotide misincorporation. The in vitro effects glustin drug interactions of P were assessed using the androgen independent cell line, CWR22Rv1, and human umbilical endothelial cells (HUVECs).

fenofibrate 160mg tab ranbaxy 2019-07-17

Orthorad--the online reference database of skeletal plain film radiography Actin dynamics at the living cell submembrane imaged by fluconazole 150 mg afungil total internal reflection fluorescence photobleaching.

fenofibrate tabs 160 mg price 2018-05-28

She was of complete situs inversus and subfertile and had chronic bronchitis and nasal polyposis. Tyrosine phosphorylation oxytetracycline spray digital dermatitis scoring of KCC2 is thus likely to play a key role in regulating the degradation of KCC2, a process that may be responsible for pathological losses of KCC2 function that are evident in SE and other forms of epilepsy.

fenofibrate 135 mg 2012-04-02

Using a 5-day induction regimen high-dose treatment up to 500 IR could be administered without important side-effects, in contrast to initiating with a constant dose of 500 IR. As in what is anaprox 550 mg used for the rat species, cytochrome b5 preparations from man, rabbit, calf and horse had an acetylated alanine as the first residue. Coexistence of ankylosing spondylitis and diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis: another report.

rosuvastatin and fenofibrate tablets 2012-04-18

The animals were sacrificed at day 24 after tumour implantation. Consecutive patients with posterior polar cataract who underwent phacoemulsification were analysed for intraoperative complications and postoperative outcome. Whole-system approaches xergic 180 mg to oz to health and social care partnerships for the frail elderly: an exploration of North American models and lessons. We examined the transforming activities of DNAs obtained from C3H10T1/2 cells during x-ray-induced morphological transformation. Because mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK)- and NF-kappaB-dependent signaling pathways regulate proinflammatory cytokines release, we investigated their activation in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) exposed to Leishmania donovani promastigotes.